Lima is the capital and the largest city of Peru. It is located in the central coastal part of the country, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. With the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area. With a population of more than 9 million and a extensión of 2,817 km2, Lima is the most populous metropolitan area of Peru. It is divided into 43 districts and the province of Callao counts with 6 districts that officially belong to the Lima Metropolitan area. It was founded on January 18th, 1535, by the conquistador Francisco Pizarro, under the name of the City of Kings, was the capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru and the largest and most important city in South America during the Spanish regime.
In 1821 by the arrival of Jose de San Martín and his army of approximately 4 000 soldiers in the Peruvian War of Independence, the country was proclaimed as independent, on July 28th, 1821. Lima is a city with great cultural diversity that is why there are a large number of museums with great works of art, archaeological sites, beaches, the boardwalk, valleys, natural reserves, the nightlife, the thrill of adventure sports, and the exquisite cuisine gives Peru’s capital an authentic personality and makes tourism in Lima a unique experience in the country. Among the main attractions we can find the Lima's Plaza de Armas who stands out as the main sightseeing attraction. This scenic plaza is home to the Government Palace as well as the city's cathedral. Near the Plaza de Armas sits the Convento de San Francisco, that features baroque architecture and a crypt-filled set of catacombs.
Also, there are many nature reserves where we can see the flora and fauna of Lima since it can be difficult to fully appreciate in the city, due to the extension and complexity. The Lima coast is populated by large dunes and stretches of barren sand, isolated by the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac (which crosses the city) and Lurín rivers. Another relevant topic is its cooking that managed to be recognized worldwide through the years. Lima offers a wide range of restaurants and bars, where you can taste delicious Peruvian dishes and drinks. Situated on the Pacific Ocean, Lima offers some deliciously fresh seafood dishes. Ceviche ranks as the country's most popular food, combining a mix of lime juice, onions, fish and spices. Lima's ‘Barrio Chino’ district also has countless Chifa restaurants. Chifa is a melding of Chinese and Peruvian cuisine. For beverages, try Peru's Inca Cola soda, or indulge in a pisco sour, made from pisco liquor and lemon.
Finally, the climate in Lima is warm with high humidity. Summer lasts from December to April and conditions are hot and dry, it have temperatures ranging between 29 and 21 °C. Winter lasts May through November and temperatures drop slightly and overcast skies envelop the seaside districts of town with temperatures ranging between 19 and 12 °C. There's rarely any precipitation in Lima, no matter the season.